Monday, April 08, 2019

Going to Vote for TDP - Because of First Past the Post System

I am planning to vote for Galla Jayadev (TDP) in Parliament Elections.

Eventhough, I don't like few things done by Modi (like Demonetization or forcing Hindi on South Indian states etc.,), I cannot see any reasonable alternative at the center. I definitely do not want Rahul Gandhi, Mamatha Benerjee, Mayawathi, Akhilesh Yadav or Family members of Lalu Prasad Yadav etc.

I want Modi to be the next PM, but, I am not going to vote for BJP.

The reason is First Past the Post System. If two parties of almost same ideology contests separately, then the third party which is not of this ideology would win. Because, both parties split the votes between themselves, which causes third party to win.

If I vote for BJP, then most probably, YSRCP would win. I don't want YSRCP to win. The only way to stop YSRCP is, to vote for TDP.

For the same reason, why people did not vote for Lok Satta Party in the previous years, I am not going to vote for BJP for the exact same reason.

The correct fix for this problem is, the Government should introduce Proportionate System or Alternative Voting with Single Transferable vote. Unless that is brought, it would be difficult to bring radical changes.

The Government may say that, for hundred crore people, it would be difficult to educate everyone about single transferable vote. That should be given as an option to the people. Those whoever understand that, would utilize it. Others would go with the traditional voting.

In Alternative voting with single transferable vote, I would choose multiple candidates with order of precedence. If my first preference candidate gets lowest no.of votes, then he/she would be removed, and my vote would be transferred to my second preference candidate. If the second candidate also gets the lowest no.of votes, then my vote would be transferred to my third preference and so on.

To give a simple example, TDP, BJP and YSRCP are contesting. TDP got 10,000 first preference votes, YSRCP got 10,500 votes and BJP got 1000 votes. Out of these three, the party that got least votes is BJP. Then BJP is removed from the list, and for those whoever voted for BJP, their second preference vote is taken into consideration. Let's say, out of the 1000 votes that BJP got, if there are 800 second preference votes to TDP and 200 second preference votes to YSRCP, then the count after removing BJP would be, TDP 10,800 and YSRCP 10,700. Since, there is no other party, TDP would be declared winner. In the First past the post system, YSRCP would be declared winner.