Monday, April 29, 2019

Vote for Candidate or Vote for Party?

In Parliament and Assembly elections, one must vote for the Party and never for the candidate. To be more precise, one must vote based on the PM/CM candidate (or Super PM/CM, if exists).

MLAs and MPs do not have any executive powers. Whatever they could do is limited. How much good or bad they can do depends on whether their party is in power or not.

On the other hand the PM/CM can change the entire direction of the country/state. A PM can either take country from stable state to bankruptcy or bankruptcy to stable state. A CM can make a state, the best state or the worst state. When the PM/CM is making the drastic changes, the influence of the MPs/MLAs would be minimal.

If your favorite PM/CM is a very good person, then vote for that party's candidate, even if that candidate is corrupted and has significant no.of criminal cases. If the PM/CM candidate is a very bad person, then don't vote for that party's candidate, even if the candidate is an ideal human being of very high integrity.

Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Caretaker Government

When a person takes oath as a Prime Minister or Chief Minister without having full majority, then the President/Governor asks him/her to prove the majority in a stipulated time. Till then, the Prime Minister/Chief Minister would be a caretaker PM/CM.

Similarly, after the dissolution of the house or after the resignation of the PM/CM, till the next PM/CM takes oath, the incumbent PM/CM would be a caretaker PM/CM.

A caretaker PM/CM has most of the powers of PM/CM except that, the caretaker PM/CM cannot introduce any bills, ordinances, new schemes or make major changes. For day to day operations, there is no difference between caretaker PM/CM and normal PM/CM.

In 1999, Vajpayee has faced one full fledged war, when he was a caretaker PM and his ministry was a caretaker Ministry. Without having full executive power, PM cannot face a full fledged war.

The present election commission is behaving like a dictator by denying the normal rights a CM has. The CM has all the executive powers till the next CM takes oath. [It is not just enough that, counting is finished or the new CM has been elected. The new CM has to take oath.]

If the election commission thinks that, a CM cannot even have meetings with the officials, then they should change the constitution that, as soon as the election notification issued, all the CMs and the PM would lose their post, and the State Election Commission Officers would become CMs and the Chief Election Commission Officer would become PM. Till then, the existing caretaker PM/CM will have all the executive rights.

I don't know whether I should blame the current Election Commission Officer or the potential second dictator of Independent India. 

Monday, April 08, 2019

Going to Vote for TDP - Because of First Past the Post System

I am planning to vote for Galla Jayadev (TDP) in Parliament Elections.

Eventhough, I don't like few things done by Modi (like Demonetization or forcing Hindi on South Indian states etc.,), I cannot see any reasonable alternative at the center. I definitely do not want Rahul Gandhi, Mamatha Benerjee, Mayawathi, Akhilesh Yadav or Family members of Lalu Prasad Yadav etc.

I want Modi to be the next PM, but, I am not going to vote for BJP.

The reason is First Past the Post System. If two parties of almost same ideology contests separately, then the third party which is not of this ideology would win. Because, both parties split the votes between themselves, which causes third party to win.

If I vote for BJP, then most probably, YSRCP would win. I don't want YSRCP to win. The only way to stop YSRCP is, to vote for TDP.

For the same reason, why people did not vote for Lok Satta Party in the previous years, I am not going to vote for BJP for the exact same reason.

The correct fix for this problem is, the Government should introduce Proportionate System or Alternative Voting with Single Transferable vote. Unless that is brought, it would be difficult to bring radical changes.

The Government may say that, for hundred crore people, it would be difficult to educate everyone about single transferable vote. That should be given as an option to the people. Those whoever understand that, would utilize it. Others would go with the traditional voting.

In Alternative voting with single transferable vote, I would choose multiple candidates with order of precedence. If my first preference candidate gets lowest no.of votes, then he/she would be removed, and my vote would be transferred to my second preference candidate. If the second candidate also gets the lowest no.of votes, then my vote would be transferred to my third preference and so on.

To give a simple example, TDP, BJP and YSRCP are contesting. TDP got 10,000 first preference votes, YSRCP got 10,500 votes and BJP got 1000 votes. Out of these three, the party that got least votes is BJP. Then BJP is removed from the list, and for those whoever voted for BJP, their second preference vote is taken into consideration. Let's say, out of the 1000 votes that BJP got, if there are 800 second preference votes to TDP and 200 second preference votes to YSRCP, then the count after removing BJP would be, TDP 10,800 and YSRCP 10,700. Since, there is no other party, TDP would be declared winner. In the First past the post system, YSRCP would be declared winner.

Tuesday, February 26, 2019

Courage & Commitment: An Autobiography by Margaret Alva

Courage & Commitment: An Autobiography is a book written by Margaret Alva.

She mentioned that, in 1971, after the win in Bangladesh war, her victory was easy. But, Bangladesh war happened after she won in the election.

She says, AP government was dismissed in 1978. In fact, the tenure of AP government was extended by an year due to internal emergency. After 1972 elections, the next elections for AP state assembly were in 1978.

She says Congress denied ticket to P. V. Narasimha rao in 1996. But, it was not correct. He was denied in 1998. It was not a typo. She wrote more than a paragraph on that.

She said she fought with BJP government during the thirteen days rule on minority rights, communal tensions, foreign policy reversals and centre-state relations. All this in 13 days???

In 2000 March, she became the chair person of Parliamentary Committee on the empowerment of women. She mentioned the problems during that time, where Najma heptulla wanted to become the Chair person. While mentioning the problems at that time, she said the chairman of the rajya sabha Bhairon Singh Shekhawat. But, he was not the chairman at that time. Krishan Kanth was the Chairman then.

She said, she was the Chair person for 5 years, and submitted the report in 2005 to Manmohan Singh, Chidambaram and Sonia Gandhi. She also said, "got the idea included in the Congress' manifesto". It is seriously wrong. As a member of Lok Sabha, how could she continue as Chairperson even after the elections? Also, she lost Lok Sabha election in 2004, and she did not even get nominated to Rajya Sabha. If the report is released in 2005, how could she introduce that in the 2004 elections' manifesto? Is it allowed to disclose the report before officially presenting it to the government? If the report is released before 2004 elections, how could she submit it to Manmohan Singh, Chidambaram and Sonia Gandhi? It should be submitted to Vajpayee and his cabinet.

After 2004 elections, she said, she made Susheel Kumar Shinde to lead marathwada region. Susheel kumar shinde became governor of AP after the elections. How could he lead the party?

In the photos, she says, "With first lady of India Janaki Venkataraman, 1986". Janaki Venkataraman was not the first Lady in 1986. She became first lady in 1987.

Saturday, November 18, 2017

Increase in Prices After GST Reduction



Arun Jaitley announced the reduction of GST for restaurants from 18% to 5% starting Nov 15th. The above receipts are before and after Nov 15th. From the receipts, it looks like, Sangeetha Restaurant charged extra instead of reducing the tax. But, actually, Sangeetha Restaurant did correctly. The tax did not reduce. The tax got increased for all the restaurants.

GST has a concept of Input Tax Credit. For example, if you buy a product for Rs.100 and paid 18% GST, and if you are selling it for Rs.150, you can pay tax only for Rs.50. For Rs.100, for which tax already paid, you don't need to pay because of Input Tax Credit.

Starting Nov 15th, Union Government abolished Input Tax credit for restaurants. But, the tax got reduced to 5%. It means, if a restaurant is buying raw materials for Rs.100 and paid 18% GST, and if they are selling it for Rs.125 (Rs.100 Base Price + Rs.18 GST + Rs.7 Profit = Rs.125), then they have to pay 5% GST for Rs.125, and not just on the profit of Rs.7.

In the above receipt of Sangeetha Restaurant, they charged Rs.125 before Nov 15th, and charged Rs.130 after Nov 15th.

For example, before Nov 15th, if Sangeetha was paying Rs.100 (+ GST 18%) for raw materials, and other expenses, and if they were charging Rs.6 profit, then the total amount would be Rs.125. After Nov 15th, since there is no input tax credit, they have to pay 18% for the GST for Rs.100. Then along with that, for the entire amount, they have to pay additional 5% GST. In that case, the total amount is Rs.100 (for raw materials) + Rs.18 (GST on raw materials) + Rs.6 (Profit of Sangeetha) + Rs.6 GST (5% of Rs.100+18+6), which is Rs.130. If Sangeetha was paying less than 18% GST on the raw materials and other expenses, then the total amount could be less.

It looks like, Sangeetha was unable to explain Input Tax Credit, and they started giving discounts after they got bad name of increasing the prices after pseudo decrease in the prices.

What I hate is, Arun Jaitley increased the prices, but, they are propagating as if they decreased the prices.

Courtesy: Jeevanram Kasiviswanathan